So, the first Constitution of the pseudo-Republican era was passed under these circumstances, with the country occupied by foreign military forces, and as you would expect, it answered to the sad historic moment our country was living. The Constitution was very progressive in nature for its time, because of the social scope of concepts it introduced. This situation led the Cuban people to take up arms again to finally get the Republic they wanted for everyone and for the wellbeing of everyone, which Jose Marti and subsequent generations had fought for.
When the Cuban Revolution triumphed on January 1, , the Fundamental Law was written up to begin to put the country back into order and institutionalize it, taking many articles from the Constitution. After 42 years of our country in Revolutioon, many things have changed, both in terms of the economy and society. Experience has shown that many points in the Constitution needed to be changed and last year, , a constitutional reforms process began, drafting up a new Constitution, with the participation of the Cuban people.
The result has been a new Constitution that truly answers to the historic moment we are living, and it will be subjected to a referendum on February 24th, a historic date which marks when independence struggles picked up again in , which were interrupted in with the Zanjon Pact.
- Cuba Fast Facts - CNN?
- Selbstbiographie (German Edition);
- Georgetown University website links.
- Guide to Law Online: Cuba | Law Library of Congress?
- Library of Congress.
- CSW - everyone free to believe;
- The Angel of Shadwell?
Reading the first article of this new Constitution is enough for us to realize that it does in fact respond to the historic moment our country is living, as it states the following:. Elio Delgado-Legon: I am a Cuban who has lived for 80 years, therefore I know full well how life was before the revolution, having experienced it directly and indirectly. As a result, it hurts me to read so many aspersions cast upon a government that fights tooth and nail to provide us a better life.
Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The insurgent leaders, known as the mambises , had been decimated. On May 20, , the birth date of the first Cuban republic, no leader had the power to harness the passions and ambitions unleashed by independence.
The U. Congress passed the Platt Amendment, granting the U.
Invoking the Platt Amendment, the United States would occupy Cuba between and , and continue to intervene in later years. All the tensions of the First Republic exploded in revolution in University students, labor unions, and disaffected army officers joined in rebellion against Cuba's fifth president, Gerardo Machado, a man who had taken corruption and repression to new heights. A nationalist, Grau called on "Cuba for all Cubans," but the U.
Batista became Cuba's strongman behind a succession of presidents until , when he was duly elected president.
A Country’s Constitution Should Be a Reflection of its Historic Moment - Havana Times
Batista surprised many, ushering in an era of hope in Cuba by sponsoring a progressive constitution, allowing the Cuban Communist Party to join the government, and stepping down in favor of his opponent, Grau, when his four-year term was over. For the next twelve years Cuba enjoyed democracy and free elections.
- A Self-Portrait.
- The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, .
- A guide to the law and legal literature of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti!
- A guide to the law and legal literature of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
But it was a democracy marred by corruption and political violence -- the work of "action groups" or gangs who shot their way through politics at the University of Havana and on the city streets. When in March , Batista, in a coup d'etat, destroyed the democratic republic he had brought into existence, the stage was set for revolution. What mattered was audacity, the individual capable of violent action.
Between and , Cubans from all walks of life -- students, businessmen, mothers, politicians -- united in opposition against Batista. Author Carlos Alberto Montaner describes the mood: "the talk was about democracy, freedom and respect for human rights; the Fidel and Raul Castro with Che Guevara, Credit: Osvaldo Salas Estate.
Even Castro -- a dynamic national figure following his failed Moncada assault of -- spoke in those terms.
A Country’s Constitution Should Be a Reflection of its Historic Moment
Our political philosophy is representative democracy and social justice in a well-planned economy. For four decades, Castro stood at the center of a dangerous game for political pre-eminence in the Third World. William Morgan held out hope that the Cuban revolution would follow through on the ideals he had fought for.
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